Gum disease is also known as periodontal disease, and it comes in two types. Gingivitis is the first type which is a mild gum disease that doesn't cause much discomfort to the patient. People suffering from gingivitis will have reddish, swollen gums which are prone to bleeding. Improper oral hygienic techniques are the main reason for gingivitis.
The second type of gum disease is called periodontitis. Untreated gingivitis often results in periodontitis. Plaque is visible in the root of the tooth, which causes the tooth to break like a piece of glass. The gum would continue to lack luster and loose the grip on the tooth. Patients who have poor oral hygienic habits are often suffering from periodontitis. Patients with diabetes, heart and lung problems would be highly susceptible to getting periodontitis than other people. Anyone suffering from periodontitis should immediately visit his or her dentist for proper diagnosis and urgent treatment. If not, it can worsen further and cause to lose even the healthy teeth in your mouth.
Elimination of plaque is the first step of getting rid of gum disease. The deep cleaning method of plaque and tartar is known as "scaling". It polishes the gums and teeth with the view of removing plaque from the surface. Brushing your teeth after each meal and flossing appropriately is highly important to keep your gums healthy. Using an antiseptic mouthwash to clean the teeth and gums is also extremely important in this regard. Following proper oral hygienic techniques are vital to keep your gums healthy and secure. Sound gums would help to maintain healthy teeth while protecting your oral hygiene to the hilt.