Diseases of the gums and the bone of the teeth are known as periodontal diseases. Gum diseases encompass a wide array of conditions, most common being periodontitis and gingivitis. But what is periodontal disease really? Well, in a simple definition, a periodontal disease is a bacterial infection that affects the bone supporting the teeth and the gums as well. This disease kicks in when the plaque on the teeth leads to gum inflammation.

Plaque is the sticky layer that forms on teeth, and it acts like glue that helps bacteria to stay on the teeth. Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease that is easily reversible through proper dental hygiene and professional dental cleaning. Well, good dental hygiene is not something that individuals know automatically. Most of us need to be educated about the benefits of brushing and taking care of the oral cavity. I believe that even those who carry out dental cavity maintenance can still benefit from some coaching. This post will provide some educational information in regards to periodontal diseases so, don't get bored!

Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease but if not attended to, it can advance to periodontitis. This basically happens when the plaque goes below the patient's gum line. The toxins in the plaque cause irritation in the gums and this triggers and immune response. This reaction is what causes the gum and the bone supporting the teeth to break and weather.

When the bone is destroyed, the space between the teeth and the gums starts to deepen, giving the disease a chance to progress at a much faster rate and a higher destruction scope. The early stages of this disease are so mild that most people fail to realize the development of a serious condition. The most common signs of gum diseases include:

Bleeding gums
Swollen and tender gums
Bad breath that does not seem to away
Change in the teeth's position
Shrinking gums and
Pus around the teeth.

Even though bacterial plaque is the primary cause of periodontal disease, there are other factors that contribute to the growth of the disease. Tobacco is among them. According to research, smokers have a higher risk of getting gum diseases, and it's harder to reverse the condition while still smoking. At the worst, smoking can lead to the development of oral cancer. So, you might want to consider smoking tobacco.

Other contributing factors are diabetes, poor nutrition, stress, grinding teeth, medications and family history. The risk factors that increase the chances of getting gum disease have been known for a significant period now; however, studies have proved that gum disease is ideally a risk factor for other conditions. According to recent research, root planing and scaling lead to an 84% demise in premature births in females who were pregnant for less than 35 weeks.

What Is Periodontal Disease? The Treatment Procedures

Root planing and scaling is a procedure used to clean teeth above and below the gum line and does not pose a risk to the mother or the unborn baby. Keep in mind that premature birth is a problem in the United States of America with over 10% of the babies being born prematurely, usually, 37 weeks early. Preterm birth has lead to increased death and long lasting problems for the children.

So, to avoid this terrible pregnancy complication, women should take a gum and tooth examination. For those who are already pregnant and gum disease is detected, scaling and root planing is still an effective solution. However, the procedure should be done in the second trimester and no later. Gum disease treatment involves several modalities. The most common is obviously scaling and root planing.

This is to clean the soft and hard deposits found above and below the gum line. Ideally, the dentist can use antimicrobial agents that are placed in the space between the tooth and the gum to aid in fighting the bacteria as well as hasting the healing process.

For individuals that this condition has taken a toll on their teeth bone and gums significantly, various surgical treatments can help. Depending on the nature and severity of the disease, new gums and bone can be grafted to improve their condition. For people who have a severe level of this disease such that the supporting bone is no longer effective, dental implants are an ideal solution for the lost teeth.

Some of the gum treatment procedures are more geared towards cosmetic dentistry. These procedures are usually known as oral plastic surgery. People with a gummy smile, or rather show too much gum when they smile; Gum reshaping can be of great help. Individuals who have irregular gum lines or gum recession on the teeth can ideally be helped through gum tissue treatment procedures. Not only do these procedures have cosmetic benefit, but they help cover the exposed root surfaces, which are highly sensitive to hot food and cold beverages.

To conclude this post, modern and innovative medicine has helped people expect a longer life. Proper dental care or hygiene which involves keen attention to the condition of the gums is of paramount importance. Regular gum and tooth checkups can go a long way in preventing an array of conditions affecting the dental cavity. They also help us keep our teeth for a longer period in life. I hope that this information has made you smarter and has answered the question ìWhat is periodontal disease?î Stay healthy!

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